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Help for the correct setting of the magneto

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Following the de- and attaching of a Slick magneto (models 4200/4300) will be described on a Lycoming engine.

In general

This description is meant to be informative for technical personal of FBO’s. It is not meant to replace otherwise descriptions of the aircraft- or engine manufacturer.

Legally binding are the instructions of the aircraft manufacturer, if there is no data, use the instructions of the engine manufacturer.

The detachment and attachment should only be carried out by authorized personal.

Detachment

  • Detach all harness cables from the spark plugs
  • Detach ground cable from magneto

    Attention As soon as the ground cable is detached the ignition lick is also disabled. That leads to a HOT magneto, the engine could start. Make sure that you detach the harness cables first!

  • Detach harness plate from magneto
  • Detach magneto from engine

    AttentionFor some engines the magneto drive is attached with a separate pinion gear that includes cushions. These cushions could get lost while detaching. Watch that they don´t fall into the engine.

General Information

Magnetos come with impulse coupling or drive. Pinion gears are not scope of the delivery. They are delivered by the engine manufacturer, usually they are reused after inspection / overhaul.

Simple said an engine does have a right and a left magneto – motor gliders are the exception as they only have one magneto circuit.

The name plate tells you the type, the year of manufacture (part of the serial number), the rotating direction, the revision, and if applicable the angle of the retard contact points.

Graphical representation:

(Pinion gears are not scope of Unison-Slick)

Slick 4270 or 4370

right magneto

Slick 4271 oder 7371
left magneto

magneto typ 4370

SN: built 1999 in December, sequential number 298

Lycoming PN: 66GP-0SANN

Rotation: L = left

Revision: C

ignition timing to engine (Lag.): - 

X = hole for Lasar magnetos

R = hole for right turing magnetos

L = hole for left turning magnetos

insert completely


Preparation

Before installation

  • Identify the rotation of the magneto
  • Insert timing pin in distributor blocks hole (in this example L) and check with light pressure the point where it moves in. There is only one position per turn.
  • Turn the magneto against the rotation direction (turn right) until the timing pin moves in.

    Attention If the distributor gear stops while turning into position you need to take it out for around 10mm (to get over the high tension lead) and go on

  • The engine needs to be timed to the upper death point of cylinder 1. That´s the timing for attaching the magneto
  • The gasket can be put with a bit of grease onto the flange in front of attaching the magneto
  • The magneto can be attached

Preparation of the engine

The magneto can be attached when the ignition timing of cylinder 1 is correct (see above)

  • Remove lower spark plug at cylinder 1
  • Turn the engine until cylinder 1 reaches the ignition position (check the positioning of the gear rim). The following picture shows a gear rim with 25° positioning (in front the upper death point)

    Attention the positioning angle is depending on engine typ. It can be found on it´s data plate.

Note

To check if the engine is timed correct, many mechanics make a leak test at the spark plug hole of cylinder 1. It's quite small and you can feel with a finger the compressing of the air.


Attaching
After preparation of magneto & engine the magneto will be attached to it.
•    Usually the magneto with the impulse coupling comes on the left engine side (flight direction)
•    The magneto without impulse coupling will be attached right
•    Attach the magnetos with inserted timing pin to the engine and turn them towards the engine rotation direction approx. 10mm
•    Tighten the mounting nuts until the magneto can only turn with medium force
•    Detach the timing pin
•    Set the ignition point

  • Ignition point can be taken from engine nameplate
  • Attach the test equipment like described by manufacturer
  • Turn the engine against normal rotation approx. 30 degree, the impulse coupling should click into place. Turn engine into normal rotation until you hear the impulse coupling snatch. Now return to the position of 10mm before the upper death point.
  • Turn on the test equipment and rotate both magnetos until the lamps go on.
  • Tighten the mounting nuts more
  • Check your timing again. Turn the engine against the rotation way for approx. 10mm and back. The lights should be synch and go out at exactly 30 degree!
  • If not, correct the positioning of the magnetos
  • Tighten the mounting nuts with specified torque.
  • Check again the synch and positioning of the magnetos

Maybe you can´t position a magneto at the right timing. Check if it does have a pinion gear. If it does have, turn the gear 180 degree. This will lead to half a tooth difference – most times enough to make an exact timing!

After the timing is made we recommend to put a colored marking between magneto and flange. Later checks: If you find the timing differ for more than 3 degree from this initial position you should detach it and send it in for maintenance.

  • Attach ground cable / ignition switch cable to the magneto
  • Install spark plugs
  • Attach the harness
  • And finally make a test run

 

Test Run

Only a complet mounted cowling supplies enough cooling!

Run the engine only for a short periode of time. The clinders can get too hot because the air doens´t flow between them.

Running the engine without cowling can damage it


Periodic inspection (see FAQ)

Inspection of Slick magnetos 4200/4300/6200 & 6300 series

SB2-80C defines that magnetos have to be checked every 100h externally and every 500h internally.

We recommend 250h for pressurized magnetos because of the former described ozone problems.

Magneto types 4200 & 6200 also need a 1000h inspection that varies from 500h.

Following SB1-89B all Slick magnetos attached to a single ignition system (motor glider) need to be inspected every 50h externally, and 250h or latest after 24month internally.

Inspection of Bendix magnetos S20/S200/S1200/D3000 & D2000 series

Perform a 500h inspection or - if not reached within 4years - an overhaul.